Now a day Melasma is common in people who tan easily or who have a Mediterranean-type olive complexion.Its larger dark patches of pigmentation are sharply demarcated and bizarrely configured. Melasma may appear as mask-like patches on the cheeks, temples, above the upper lip or forehead and is also called a pregnancy mask as it often occurs with hormonal changes at this time.
Table of Content
- How do dermatologists diagnose melasma?
- Melasma treatments options
- Medications and topical treatments of Melasma
- Homemade Treatments of Melasma
How dermatologists can diagnose melasma?
A dermatologist can diagnose melasma by looking at patients’ skin initially. However, to look how deeply the melasma penetrates the skin, your dermatologist may look at your skin under a device called it Wood’s light.Sometimes melasma can look like another skin condition. To find out some others skin condition, dermatologist may need to remove a small bit of skin. This procedure is called a skin biopsy.
Melasma treatments options
Its very hard to treat Melasma, because, unlike traditional hyperpigmentation, which responds to a variety of over-the-counter products that contain brightening agents like vitamin C, niacinamide, hydroquinone, and azelaic acid, melasma has not seen the same rate of success or consistency
1)-Medications and topical treatments of Melasma
Dermatologist may suggest medications or topical treatment to help lighten melasma issue. Some commonly used options are topical retinols and retinoid treatments, which are applied to the skin to help speed your body’s natural cell turnover process. Medications and topical treatments of Melasma may help dark patches clear more quickly than they would on their own.
Some doctors may advice bleaching agents, such as hydroquinone, which works by blocking melanin production. But while products with hydroquinone can be purchased over the counter, however they should only be used under a doctor’s care always and only on the darkened areas of the skin.
Higher concentrations of hydroquinone can cause white spots to develop on your skin,
Misconceptions about hydroquinone are based on past examples of improper use or dosage.
Some dermatologists raise concerns about the use of hydroquinone, saying there is not enough information available about what it does to the skin, and that it may darken it.
The medication may even cause a darkening of your skin in some cases.
Your dermatologist might also recommend kojic acid or azelaic acid, which are other topical skin lightening agents to treat the Melasma.
Option of Lasers to treat Melasma can be avail, but dermatologists are wary.
There are certain laser procedure that can make it worse, for sure, especially in the hands of someone who’s not trained. They just think pigmentation is pigmentation and they are treating it like a freckle. That can actually damage you skin and it can make it worse
3).Homemade Treatments of Melasma
By following these steps, you can do on your own to help your skin heal and prevent future damage. In addition to reducing sun exposure, you must try them.
a).Inaugurate a good cleansing regimen
Some experts say that pollution may contribute to melasma, Airborne pollutants can bind to the skin and corrode the protective surface, making it weaker and more susceptible to sun damage Environmental.
So, clean your skin every night before bed with a cleanser that can thoroughly remove particulate matter and help protect the skin.
b).Usage of Vitamins C and E
Vitamins C and E may be helpful to heal damage from sunlight. So, dab on a few drops of a serum that consist of these vitamins to improve your skin health and take care the harmful effects of sun exposure.
c).Apply good Moisturize
Applying a good moisturizer after the serum to restore the lipid (fat) barrier of the skin, can help you to protect your skin from damage.
Homemade treatment may take months for melasma to clear up. There’s no overnight fix. So, you should remain cool and be patient.
Melasma will be quick to return if you are not careful regarding sun protection. So, long-term maintenance demonds an ongoing commitment to protecting skin.
f).Apply sunscreen on daily basis
Patients should put on sunscreen before walking past a window on sunny days being of the mind that even small doses of sun exposure are enough to worsen pigmentation.
Best treatment of Melasma is to avoid from sun light.
As for treatment of melasma skin, lightening bleaching creams along with Retin-A, retinoids and retinol, salicylic acid, glycolic acid, vitamin c, also with peels like Cosmelon are all effectual topical solutions of it . By applying any of them can be significantly fade and reduce the appearance of melasma.
The trouble with melasma is in its potential to reoccur which is why sunscreen with all treatment protocols are essential to diminishing and in treating to correct the hyperpigmentation lesions with the reduction in reoccurrence.