Causes of severe headache

At end of the 19th century, Russian scientists began to study the nature of headache sensations arising in the head. They noted that in many ways the course of the disease is affected by the individual anatomical features of each organism.

In of opinion thesescientists , the painful condition was noticed not only in the soft parts of the head and in the numerous weaving of nerves, but also it was observed in the constituent parts of the cranium and facial bones.

Table of Content

  • Probable/ Causes of Headache
  • International Classification of Headache
  • Examination of the patient
  • Headache – treatment
  • The headache treatment course consists of the elements of physiotherapy
  • Patient: What is an abused headache?
  • Patient: how to suppress pain in the head with a cold?
  • Patient: why are some manifestations of a headache dangerous?
  • Patient: how to treat a special headache such as migraine?
  • Patient: how do sleep conditions affect pain in the head, can sleep provoke its appearance?

Probable/ Causes of Headache

Probable/ Causes of Headache Each person, at least once in his life, felt discomfort arising from a headache. The poor health is associated with this ailment which appears in combination with acute respiratory colds, viral infections, and the flu.

The sources of headache are Weather dependence

  • Sleep failure
  • Stressful condition
  • Overeating and lack of appetite
  • Prolonged stay of the body in a warmed environment
  • Hypothermia Excessive physical activity
  • Bad habits (like smoking or alcohol a

Also, read this article Indian diet chart for weight loss in 7 days

Other equally important provocateurs of headache are oxygen starvation of the brain and its membranes, pathological deviations of the neck or head.

As a rule, head cramps are in many cases the only clear symptom of other ailments.

Irritation of the receptor of the meninges is associated with irritation of the autonomic system of the brain and several types of nerves (trigeminal, vagus, glossopharyngeal, cutaneous), spinal root in the neck and facial muscles.

Failure of the nerve endings, irritation of the neurovascular system of the skull leads to the manifestation of very severe headaches.

The factors causing pain in the head come in a variety of nature and manifestations, duration and frequency.

An ailment can overtake a person in different areas of the head: the back of the head, whiskey or crown.

Headache sometimes occurs on its own, in other cases, it is supplemented by other symptoms of poor health.

Headache is often accompanied by loss of consciousness, nausea, vomiting, irregular blood pressure.

Vision matter are directly related to this ailment.

To make an accurate diagnosis, the doctor should take into account where the headache is located, its duration, the accompanying symptoms and frequency, to prescribe an effective treatment.

Occasionally, absolutely healthy people face a headache.

If a short-term attack has acquired great intensity, repeatability, uniformity, you need to consult a doctor for advice.

This condition signals you that you have a serious illness.

International Classification of Headache

  • Due to physical stress
  • Due to external compression of the head;
  • Cluster
  • With migraine
  • After increased sexual activity
  • Without structural damage to brain tissue
  • Resulting from head injuries of the head
  • As a result of vegetative-vascular diseases
  • In connection with the reception/cancellation of the use of medications;
  • As a symptom of a disease of intracranial structures;
  • With bacterial infections;
  • due to metabolic disorders;
  • Due to the pathology of the cranial nerve plexuses.

Headaches for infectious diseases

Cold viruses and other infectious diseases are accompanied by the harmful effects of toxins from the life of microbes. This causes a headache amid high fever, body aches, chills, and vision problems. Headache can be overcome with the help of cold medications with an antipyretic effect.

Intense head cramps with a cold can be a sign of a very serious illness called meningitis. Timely diagnosis of meningococcal infection will help to avoid fatal damage to the meninges. Some forms of meningitis can lead to the death of the patient in just a few hours.

Examination of the patient

In case of headache, the patient must undergo a large number of studies from different specialists: visit a therapist, an ophthalmologist, a neurologist, a neurosurgeon, and even an infectious diseases specialist if necessary. 

A full examination is prescribed taking into account the individual situation of each patient. 

  • Diagnostic basis:
  • Dopplerography;
  • Electroencephalography;
  • Computed tomography of the head;
  • Examination of the thyroid gland;
  • Examination of the cervical spine.
  • The patient also needs to pass some tests: a general blood test and sugar, lipid profile.

Headache – treatment

Therapy to eliminate a headache is prescribed by the attending physician. The results of a full diagnosis of the body will prompt an accurate diagnosis for the selection of an effective method of eliminating severe headache. 

To prevent the headache from manifesting so strongly in the patient, the symptoms are carefully studied and only then individual treatment is selected. 

The method is influenced by several factors: a type; the severity of the manifestation of the disease;

additional nuances (for example, age and the presence of other diseases).

The treatment of acute pain is possible when taking drugs of the analgesic group (ibuprofen, paracetamol) and combination drugs containing caffeine and antispasmodics (pentagon, panadol, nostalgia, solpadein, it).

 Various capsules pop in the form of tablets and sachets with soluble powders be effective in treating acute manifestations of headache. They can be taken on their own for a short time, long-term use is fraught with addiction to such drugs.

 Be sure to consult your doctor to find out the cause of the pain, then to eliminate them.

The headache treatment course consists of the elements of physiotherapy

  • Electrophoresis procedures
  • Personalization, including an additional cervical-collar zone;
  • Acupuncture;
  • Massage
  • Procedures in water.
  • No less favourably affects the stay in the resort type resort.
  • Drug therapy includes taking
  • Gabapentin;
  • Valproate
  • muscle relaxants
  • Sedatives
  • Vitamin B
  • diuretics;
  • Venotonic;
  • Antioxidants;
  • Vascular drugs
  • Neuroprotective agents.

Each doctor, after making the correct diagnosis, will prescribe an individual headache treatment. Listen to his explanations of how to use drugs for prevention and to eliminate sharp and sudden pain.

Do not forget that self-medication with frequent headaches will only harm your body. The cause of the deterioration may be the presence of a tumour in the head, in which case the treatment pills cannot act as a panacea – a surgical operation will be needed. Excessive use of painkillers is detrimental to the functionality of the digestive tract, liver and kidneys.

An example of a specialist consultation with a patient

Patient: What is an abused headache?

Doctor: An abusive headache is a cramp that occurs due to the frequent and chronic use of drugs with anaesthetic effect (aspirin, anti-inflammatory drugs of the non-steroid group, ergotamines and barbiturates). 

The body quickly gets used to the drugs that the patient takes chronically – the pain sensation quenches at a lower rate. The patient has to gradually increase the dose of the drug, but the effect of this does not improve. 

A common headache becomes abuser – it can disturb a person for two weeks per month. If you stop taking painkillers, then the cramps will increase and then stop about four weeks after the drug is completely abandoned. 

For the effectiveness of treatment of an ailment, the use of a drug in an outpatient or inpatient setting is cancelled. Instead, symptomatic drugs are selected to relieve side effects. Experts do not recommend the abuse of such drugs for prevention.

Patient: how to suppress pain in the head with a cold?

Doctor: taking instant powder medicines (for example, forex, coldrex and soladenin) will help with this. Rubbing the temples and forehead with freshly cut lemon also helps. 

Multivitamin complexes, which can be purchased at a pharmacy without a prescription, and a decoction of hawthorn improve the condition.

Patient: why are some manifestations of a headache dangerous?

Doctor: in particular, the most dangerous is a pain in the head, which is accompanied by nausea and vomiting. 

Especially vomiting should be alerted, after which it does not become easier in the head area and in the body as a whole. It is also worth paying attention to the following nuances:

if the cramps do not decrease after the use of antipyretic, analgesics and analgesic drugs;

when due to a headache it is supplemented by unpleasant sensations in the neck and this makes it difficult to raise the head in a prone position from the pillow;

if the pain syndrome was accompanied by loss of consciousness or hallucinogenic visions;

the appearance of a rash with meningococcal infection (thus haemorrhage in the skin occurs). Small spots on the buttocks, abdomen, lower leg, and in other parts of the body acquire a dark red colour, the rash does not protrude at the level of the upper layer of the skin and does not whiten when putting pressure on it with a finger.

Patient: how to treat a special headache such as migraine?

Doctor: in the treatment of migraine and cluster pain, specific drugs have used that act on specific serotonin receptors in the brain. Folk methods will also help relieve seizures – applying a cold bandage to the head, massage and manual exposure to biologically active points.

Patient: how do sleep conditions affect pain in the head, can sleep provoke its appearance?

Doctor: you need to monitor the sleep regimen, but do not pour it. For many people, pain in the head area is quenched by night rest of the body, especially after prolonged physical and mental stress. 

However, if you regularly pour in the morning – there is a threat of the duration of the headache after waking up. If a person is not accustomed to sleep during the day, do not force yourself to force and abuse this habit. Prolonged daytime sleep can lead to migraines. 

You need to try to sleep on your back. An uncomfortable posture causes spasm of the neck muscles and provokes a headache.


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